Caswell County Courthouse is a historic county courthouse located at Yanceyville in Caswell County. It was built between 1858 and 1861, and is a rectangular two-story, stucco brick building, five bays wide and seven deep. It sits on an elevated granite block foundation and features a two-level recessed entrance porch and octagonal cupola. The site features a Historical Marker for John Walter “Chicken” Stephens and details the events foreshadowing the Kirk-Holden "War." The major decorative feature is the heavy corbel cornice with a brick arched corbel course, derived from Italian Romanesque architecture, which borders the frieze. The strong contract of solid and void resulting from the richly molded ornament and the boldly pierced form make this one of the finest Victorian courthouses in North Carolina.